For the third day of course, we had an interesting speaker who spoke about exemplary details of honesty practiced by our past Chief Minister Mr. Kamaraj. The speaker was Mr. Killivallavan, who served as the secretary for the Chief Minister of Tamilnadu Mr. Kamaraj. His lecture was an inspiration to the students and also an example that politicians can be honest if they wanted to.
Mr. Arumugam spoke in depth about the Union and State legislature and about policy making and policy process. The Union legislature is called Parliament and consists of 2 Houses, known as Council of States (Rajya Sabha) and House of the people (Lok Sabha). The State legislature consists of the Governor and legislative council and legislative assembly. Governor's role and excise of power in State legislature was explained in detail. In some states the legislature is bicameral and the role of legislative council and legislative assembly was discussed. All the bills, except the money bill can originate from the council. If the council rejects a bill, and is passed the second time by the assembly, it is deemed to have passed by both Houses. Policy making, Budget preparation and introduction of Finance Bill, role of civil servants like IAS officers, in formulating and assisting the politicians to implement the policies was explained in detail.
The National Developmental Council (NDC), established in August, 1952 consisting of the Prime minister, all Union cabinet ministers, Chief Minister of all states and union territories and members of the planning commission provide approval to national policies.
The speaker for the evening session Mr. James, spoke on the topic of “Political Professional Opportunities as a practitioner and academician”. Political professionals are the ones engaged in a business-like service within the political system, and its origins is in the US. Political professionals consists of political consultants, media consultants, pollsters, campaign managers, corporate public affairs officers, professors, fund-raisers,lobbyists, congressional staffers and vendors. In India political professionalism has been confined to the realms of advertisement campaigns, media journalism and engagement of market research consultants, indirectly to understand the voter behavior and to influence voter decision. In the Indian political system, fund raising has been managed by political parties themselves and there is no accountability for funds.
All the topics covered by the speakers help the students better understand the political system and methodology of proper governance.